The Fucecchio Marsh has an area of ??1,800 hectares, divided between the Province of Pistoia and the Province of Florence; although greatly reduced compared to the ancient lake-marshes that once occupied much of southern Valdinievole, still it represents the largest inland marsh Italian. In the heart of the marsh there are two nature reserves: 'Morette' and 'La Monaca-Righetti', for a total of about 200 hectares. In addition to the rich landscape and nature, the Marsh preserves rich historical evidence related to the Medici and Lorraine Families: canals, ports, the Medici bridge of Ponte a Cappiano, the complex of the farm building, the buildings used for drying tobacco, the tombstones that recall the barbaric massacre consumed by the Nazis in August 1944. Located on the border between the regions with a Mediterranean climate and the continental climate, the marsh hosts simultaneously plants adapted to different climates: The Bite of Rana, the Fern real and special mosses, called 'Sphagnum', their cold climates of the north, or, 'the sarello' also of northern origin. For the characteristics of the vegetation in 1979 it was listed as biotypes Italian worthy of preservation. Of equal interest is the role of the Marshes in the migratory routes of birds; during the year we can observe more than 200 species of birds. For this reason, the area offers excellent opportunities for bird watching and nature photography. They nest here in more & ucature; great 'heronry' in central-southern, about 1,000 pairs of herons seven different species: night heron, egret, Squacco, cattle egret, heron, egret, purple heron. Rounding out the variety of species, the invasive nutria, the tiny harvest mouse, over 1,000 species of beetles, and a few years ago, the Louisiana crayfish, species 'alien' received from the American continent.